From the Master of Kadosh (September 2019)

posted Sep 6, 2019, 12:43 PM by San Jose Scottish Rite

Below is the Canadian’s  history of Scottish Rite through its arrived in Canada.

“There are several theories as to the origin of the Scottish Rite, but as it evolved in France, in dates from about 1754, when a Chapter (or College) of Claremont was founded in Paris with seven degrees.  By 1758, the system had become a Rite of twenty-five degrees, known as the Rite of Perfection, whose Grand Regulations were issued in 1762.

In 1761, Stephen Morin was designated to introduce the Rite into the New World. He first established the Rite in Kingston, Jamaica and in San Domingo.  On the mainland, Bodies were set up at New Orleans, LA in 1763, at Albany, NY in 1767, at Philadelphia, PA in 1782, and at Charleston, SC in 1783.

In 1786, "Grand Constitutions" were enacted in an attempt to bring order out of the chaotic condition of the degrees in Europe-- Thus bringing "The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite" into formal existence, enlarging the number of degrees to thirty-three, with the 33rd degree as a governing Supreme Council.
  The Grand Constitutions of 1786 were issued in the name of Frederick the Great of Prussia as titular head of the Rite, but he died soon after the date they were promulgated.   No degree of the Scottish Rite seems to have had its actual origin in Scotland. The term "Scottish" is a translation of the French "Ecossais" - French titles of some of the degrees of the Rite of Perfection. There may well be a traditional connection here. One or two of the degrees were long supposed to have been devised by the Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay, a learned Scotsman, tutor to Prince Charles Edward, the Young Pretender.  These degrees seem to have afforded a meeting place for those in exile in France, who were adherents of the Stuarts and who were plotting for the restoration of James II and his son to the throne of England. 
In 1801, a Supreme Council was opened in Charleston, SC under the above constitutions, absorbing the previously existing Rite of Perfection. This Supreme Council subsequently issued warrants for other Supreme Councils.  All other regular Supreme Councils of today are descended, directly or indirectly, from this the Supreme Council of the Southern Jurisdiction, United States of America.

In 1813, the Southern Jurisdiction established the Supreme Council 33° for the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction of the United States.  In 1845, the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction warranted a Supreme Council in England and Wales.   In 1874, they authorized the formation of the Supreme Council of Canada.  At the time our Supreme Council was chartered, Scottish Rite Bodies were already operative in Hamilton, ON, (1868); London, ON, (1868); Saint John, NB, (1868); Halifax, NS, (1870): Toronto, ON, (1873); and Montreal, QC, (1873). Our Supreme Council is in amity with more than 40 other Supreme Councils throughout the world, and 4 National Grand Lodges in the Scandinavian countries. “

 

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