The Rite Word - Articles

The Rite Word is an official publication of the Valley of San Jose, Orient of California of the A.A.S.R. of Freemasonry, published monthly except July and August, at the San Jose Scottish Rite Center, 2455 Masonic Drive, San Jose, CA 95125.  Phone # 408-978-7483

From the Venerable Master (November 2019)

posted Nov 2, 2019, 2:01 PM by San Jose Scottish Rite

Our reunion is coming up quickly.  We have one last opportunity to get petitions in and voted on.  Let’s make this a big class.  This year, we are honoring Illustrious Royce Ford, and this reunion class is named for him.  Let’s really do this one right.


The reunion will take place over one weekend, November 22-24.  We begin Friday, November 22 with a dinner and the 4th Degree.  We will conclude on Sunday, November 24 with a luncheon and capping ceremony for our new members.


Please attend this reunion, enjoy the degrees and the fellowship, and make it memorable for our candidates.  At Scottish Rite, all of our activities and member-driven, meaning they function best when our members are present and participating.  We want to see you there.


The year is drawing rapidly to a close, and very soon we will be installing a new corps of officers.  These new leaders will be looking for input on activities.  If there is something you would like to see us do, please let them know so that they can make plans.  We rely on participation and input and we need your help.


I look forward to seeing you at our next stated meeting on November 12.


From the Commander of Kadosh (November 2019)

posted Nov 2, 2019, 2:00 PM by San Jose Scottish Rite

The Two Jurisdictions of Scottish Rite in United State of America


Southern Jurisdiction 

Based in Washington, D.C., the Southern Jurisdiction (often referred to as the "Mother Supreme Council of the World") was founded in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1801. It oversees the Scottish Rite in 35 states, which are referred to as Orients, and local bodies, which are called Valleys.

In the Southern Jurisdiction of the United States, the Supreme Council consists of no more than 33 members and is presided over by a Sovereign Grand Commander. The current Sovereign Grand Commander is Illustrious Brother James D. Cole, 33. He  served as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Virginia in 2001. Other members of the Supreme Council are called "Sovereign Grand Inspectors General" (S.G.I.G.), and each is the head of the Rite in his respective Orient (or state). Other heads of the various Orients who are not members of the Supreme Council are called "Deputies of the Supreme Council". The Supreme Council of the Southern Jurisdiction meets every odd year during the month of August at the House of the Temple, Scottish Rite of Freemasonry Southern Jurisdiction Headquarters, in Washington, D.C. During this conference, closed meetings between the Grand Commander and the S.G.I.G.'s are held, and many members of the fraternity from all over the world attend the open ceremony on the 5th of 6 council meeting days.

In the Southern Jurisdiction, a member who has been a 32° Scottish Rite Mason for 46 months or more is eligible to be elected to receive the "rank and decoration" of Knight Commander of the Court of Honor (K.C.C.H.) in recognition of outstanding service. After 46 months as a K.C.C.H. he is then eligible to be elected to the 33rd degree, upon approval of the Supreme Council and Sovereign Grand Commander.


Northern  Jurisdiction 

The LexingtonMassachusetts-based Northern Masonic Jurisdiction, formed in 1813, oversees the bodies in fifteen states: 

ConnecticutDelawareIllinoisIndianaMaineMassachusettsMichiganNew JerseyNew HampshireNew YorkOhioPennsylvaniaRhode IslandWisconsin and Vermont. The Northern Jurisdiction is only divided into Valleys, not Orients. Each Valley has up to four Scottish Rite bodies, and each body confers a set of degrees.

In the Northern Jurisdiction, the Supreme Council consists of no more than 66 members. Those who are elected to membership on the Supreme Council are then designated "Active." In the Northern Jurisdiction all recipients of the 33rd Degree are honorary members of the Supreme Council, and all members are referred to as a "Sovereign Grand Inspectors General." The head of the Rite in each State of the Northern Jurisdiction is called a "Deputy of the Supreme Council." Thus the highest ranking Scottish Rite officer in Ohio, is titled, "Deputy for Ohio", and so forth for each state. Additionally, each Deputy has one or more "Actives" to assist him in the administration of the state. Active members of the Supreme Council who have served faithfully for ten years, or reach the age of 75, may be designated "Active, Emeritus". The Northern Jurisdiction Supreme Council meets yearly, in the even years by an executive session, and in the odd years, with the full membership invited. The 33rd Degree is conferred on the odd years at the Annual Meeting.


From the Venerable Master (October 2019)

posted Oct 1, 2019, 1:39 PM by San Jose Scottish Rite

Fall is upon us.  As the cooler weather comes along, our activities in the Scottish Rite are heating up.  We have lots of great things happening for the rest of the year, and we need you to help us make them a success.

On Tuesday, October 15, we will be having a Wine Tasting and Education event.  We will have someone from Concanon Winery here to give a class on wines and how to taste them.  There will be heavy hors d’oeuvres, and wine to enjoy beyond that which we will be tasting.  The cost is $25 and it will be a great event.  Everyone is welcome.  The social time starts at 6:30, and the wine tasting will be begin at 7:00.  Please call the office to make reservations for this event.

In November, the Council of Kadosh is sponsoring a trip to the Western Railway Museum in Suisun City.  Folks are carpooling there, and the cost of admission is $10.00.  Please call the office to make reservations.

At our November stated meeting, we will be having our Military Appreciation night, during which we will honor someone from our Military.  Please join us and help us show our appreciation.

Please take note that we will be doing our Fall reunion on November 21-23.  That’s a Friday, Saturday, and Sunday.  We will begin with a dinner on Friday, November 21, followed by the 4th Degree.  On Saturday we will through the 30th degree, and then on Sunday, we will go through the 32nd degree.  This will be followed by a luncheon and the capping ceremony for our new brethren.  Please make sure you attend, and show you support for the degree casts and the candidates.  Remember that we call then a Reunion.  That means we get back together.  So please come out and be with us.

As we are doing the reunion in November, we will be voting on petitions at the November stated meeting.  Please talk to your Masonic brethren who are not members, and let them know that they will receive further light in Masonry by becoming a part of the Scottish Rite.

So you see that we have a lot of exciting things happening this year.  Please be a part of it.

I look forward to seeing you at our meetings and our social events.


From the Wise Master (October 2019)

posted Oct 1, 2019, 1:38 PM by San Jose Scottish Rite   [ updated Oct 1, 2019, 1:46 PM ]

I would like to share with you some writings which I enjoyed very much from the mid 1800 to early 1900 regarding symbolism in Masonry.

By Symbols is man guided and commanded, made happy, made wretched. He everywhere finds himself encompassed with Symbols, recognized as such or not recognized: the Universe is but one vast Symbol of God; nay, if thou wilt have it, what is man himself but a Symbol of God; is not all that he does symbolical; a revelation to Sense of the mystic God-given force that is in him; a Gospel of Freedom, which he, the Messiah of Nature, preaches, as he can, by word and act? Not a Hut he builds but is the visible embodiment of a Thought; but bears visible record of invisible things; but is, in the transcendental sense, symbolical as well as real. THOMAS CARLYLE, Sartor Resartus

It began to shape itself to my intellectual vision into something more imposing and majestic, solemnly mysterious and grand. It seemed to me like the Pyramids in their loneliness, in whose yet undiscovered chambers may be hidden, for the enlightenment of coming generations, the sacred books of the Egyptians, so long lost to the world; like the Sphynx half buried in the desert.

In its symbolism, which and its spirit of brotherhood are its essence, Freemasonry is more ancient than any of the world's living religions. It has the symbols and doctrines which, older than himself, Zarathrustra inculcated; and it seemed to me a spectacle sublime, yet pitiful—the ancient Faith of our ancestors holding out to the world its symbols once so eloquent, and mutely and in vain asking for an interpreter.

And so I came at last to see that the true greatness and majesty of Freemasonry consist in its proprietorship of these and its other symbols; and that its symbolism is its soul. ALBERT PIKE, Letter to Gould

The value of man does not consist in the truth which he possesses, or means to possess, but in the sincere pain which he hath taken to find it out. For his powers do not augment by possessing truth, but by investigating it, wherein consists his only perfectibility. Possession lulls the energy of man, and makes him idle and proud. If God held inclosed in his right hand absolute truth, and in his left only the inward lively impulse toward truth, and if He said to me: Choose! even at the risk of exposing mankind to continual erring, I most humbly would seize His left hand, and say: Father, give! absolute truth belongs to Thee alone.  G. E. LESSING, Nathan the Wise.

These signs and tokens are of no small value; they speak a universal language, and act as a passport to the attention and support of the initiated in all parts of the world. They cannot be lost so long as memory retains its power. Let the possessor of them be expatriated, ship-wrecked, or imprisoned; let him be stripped of everything he has got in the world; still these credentials remain and are available for use as circumstances require.

The great effects which they have produced are established by the most incontestable facts of history. They have stayed the uplifted hand of the destroyer; they have softened the asperities of the tyrant; they have mitigated the horrors of captivity; they have subdued the rancor of malevolence, and broken down the barriers of political animosity and sectarian alienation. On the field of battle, in the solitude of the uncultivated forests, or in the busy haunts of the crowded city, they have made men of the most hostile feelings, and most distant religions, and the most diversified conditions, rush to the aid of each other, and feel a social joy and satisfaction that they have been able to afford relief to a brother Mason. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN


From the Commander of Kadosh (October 2019)

posted Oct 1, 2019, 1:36 PM by San Jose Scottish Rite

  Today in Masonic History it is 6019 Anno Lucis (A.L.)!

Why does masonry add 4000 years to the current date?

Anno Lucis was adopted by Freemasonry sometime in the 18th century. It was taken from the Anno Mundi or "In the Year of the World", which was first implemented in the 17th century by an Irish Monk.

The idea of Anno Mundi (A.M.) was to begin counting from the date of creation. The date of creation according to the Bible has been often debated. It is believed in the Jewish tradition that the date of creation was October 17th, 3761 B.C. So in Anno Mundi the current year is added to 3761. This would make the year 5777 A. M.

For Freemasonry the year in Anno Lucis, like Anno Mundi, has a relationship to creation. That is where the similarity ends for Anno Mundi and Anno Lucis. Where Anno Mundi is meant to bring an actual date into focus for the creation of existence, for Freemasonry it is meant to represent the symbolic moment that light came into the world. In Freemasonry light is a metaphor for knowledge. It could also be said that it relates to enlightenment. This would make sense since at the time that speculative Masonry was gaining ground in the world, the age of enlightenment had begun. The search for knowledge, both spiritual and physical was very much on the minds of the early speculative Freemasons. It is from the idea that knowledge is equated to light that most likely Freemasonry adopted the idea of Anno Lucis and the moment of creation. This would come from the book of Genesis and the description of the creation of the Universe.

Light is something that is incorruptible, it can be split into its parts, as it can be through a prism. It can even be brought back together through a similar process. Still when you break it down to its parts, it is still light. Light can be blocked though, can be kept from shining through. It can be filtered, in the end though the original light is still in its incorruptible form.

Knowledge in Freemasonry and in general is the same. It can be broken down into its parts, it can be pulled apart and dissected and put back together, still it is knowledge. Whether we choose to bask in that light or study how it functions, it is still meant to be used for the betterment of all who see it and are touched by it. When it is blocked or filtered it causes darkness, or ignorance, to spread and when it reaches those who chose to dwell in that "darkness" or who only see the filtered light it brings hate, injustice and sorrow We as Freemasons, have the responsibility to make sure that light, or knowledge shines forth. At times the light comes through the metaphoric prisms and we only see a part of the light, it is up to us as Freemasons to find all the pieces of the light and put it back together for those who have lost the light or can only see that one part of the spectrum that comes through the prism of our own bias.


From the Master of Kadosh (October 2019)

posted Oct 1, 2019, 1:33 PM by San Jose Scottish Rite

Last month I wrote about the creation of Canadian Scottish Rite,  Did you know that the French Scottish Rite share the same roots in Charleston, South Carolina?

Alexandre Francois Auguste de Grasse, known as Auguste de Grasse and Comte de Grasse-Tilly (February 14, 1765 – June 10, 1845), was a French career army officer. He was assigned to the French colony of Saint-Domingue in 1789, where he married, and acquired a plantation and 200 slaves before the Haitian Revolution. Following the Royal Navy's defeat of the French fleet in Saint-Domingue in 1793, de Grasse was allowed to resign his commission and leave with his family and in-laws for Charleston, South Carolina.

There, he and several fellow French colonial refugees joined the Freemasons in Charleston, becoming Maste.. In 1796, de Grasse was made a Director Inspector General of Freemasonry in Charleston; The eight French emigres organized a Consistory of the 25th Degree, or "Princes of the Royal Secret." By 1798, de Grasse was recorded as the Master of La Candeur Masonic Lodge in Charleston. On August 4, 1799, de Grasse demitted from Loge La Candeur. On August 10, 1799, he became a founder of Loge La Réunion Française at Charleston.

in 1801. he was among the eleven founders there of the Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite. He was later chosen as Grand Marshal of the South Carolina Ancient Grand Lodge.

De Grasse-Tilly returned to France in 1804, after Napoleon came to power. While he resumed his military career; he also worked to establish the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite in France. He founded the first Supreme Council in France that same year.

The Grand Orient of France signed a treaty of union in December, 1804, with the Supreme Council of the 33rd Degree in France; the treaty declared that "the Grand Orient united to itself.  The Supreme Council in France. This accord was applied until 1814. Thanks to this treaty, the Grand Orient of France took ownership, as it were, of the Scottish Rite.

The Suprême Conseil des Isles d'Amérique (founded in 1802 by Grasse-Tilly and revived around 1810 by his father-in-law Delahogue, who had also returned from the United States) breathed new life into the Supreme Council for the 33rd Degree in France. They merged into a single organization: the Supreme Council of France. This developed as an independent and sovereign Masonic power. It created symbolic lodges (those composed of the first three degrees, which otherwise would be federated around a Grand Lodge or a Grand Orient).

In 1894, the Supreme Council of France created the Grand Lodge of France. It became fully independent in 1904, when the Supreme Council of France ceased chartering new lodges.[53] The Supreme Council of France still considers itself the overseer of all 33 degrees of the Rite. Relations between the two structures remain close, as shown by their organizing two joint meetings a year.

France has three different and arguably legitimate Supreme Councils:

The Suprême Conseil Grand Collège du Rite écossais ancien accepté (emerging from the Supreme Council of 1804 and constituted in 1815), affiliated with the Grand Orient de France.

From 1805 to 1814, the Grand Orient of France administered the first 18 degrees of the Rite, leaving the Supreme Council of France to administer the last 15. In 1815, five of the leaders of the Supreme Council founded the Suprême Conseil des Rites within the Grand Orient of France.  However, the original Supreme Council of France fell dormant from 1815 to 1821.[52]

The Suprême Conseil de France (emerging from the Supreme Council of 1804 and restored in 1821 by the Supreme Council of the Isles d'Amérique founded in 1802 in Saint-Domingue, the modern Haiti), affiliated with the Grand Lodge of France.

The Suprême Conseil pour la France (emerging from the Supreme Council of the Netherlands, constituted in 1965), affiliated with the Grande Loge Nationale Française

he was also instrumental in founding new Scottish Rite councils in Paris and major European cities.

In 1964, the Sovereign Grand Commander Charles Riandey, along with 400 to 500 members,[54] left the jurisdiction of the Supreme Council of France and joined the Grande Loge Nationale Française. Because of his resignation and withdrawal of hundreds of members, there was no longer a Supreme Council of France. Riandey then reinitiated the 33 degrees of the rite in Amsterdam.[55] With the support of the Supreme Council of the Southern Jurisdiction of the United States, he founded a new Supreme Council in France, called the Suprême Conseil pour la France. This was the only one to be recognized by the Supreme Councils of the United States after it was designated in 1970 as the sole authority of the Scottish Rite for France by the Supreme Council of the Southern Jurisdiction (the oldest Supreme Council in the world) at the Barranquilla conference.



From the Venerable Master (September 2019)

posted Sep 6, 2019, 12:51 PM by San Jose Scottish Rite

Have you ever studied the history of the Scottish Rite?  Have you ever even wondered where we came from?  It is a long and interesting story, much too lengthy to be fully considered in a article such as this.  However, some highlights might be of interest.

To begin, the name Scottish Rite is likely attributable to an unsubstantiated, and probably mythical idea of the influence of the exiled Stuarts of Scotland on what was termed the “higher degrees”.

Higher degrees appeared first in England, and later flourished in France.  Lodges, called “Ecossais” or Scottish Lodges, were chartered which worked exclusively in some the “haute grades” or higher degrees.  One participant was a man named Estienne Morin, who ultimate compiled a series of 25 degrees, circa 1771.  He carried these degrees to the West Indies, and formed them in something called the Rite of the Royal Secret, or The Order of the Prince of the Royal Secret, depending on who you listen to.

Influenced by this degree system, the Mother Supreme Council was formed in Charleston, in May 1801, under the auspices of 11 Masons, known as the “11 Gentlemen of Charleston”.  These men are considered to be the founding fathers of Scottish Rite Masonry. 

As we know, Albert Pike, many years later, is responsible, along with Albert Mackey, for organizing the Rite and creating a cohesive ritual.  His first version of the new ritual was completed in 1857.

There have been many revisions of our ritual since then, the latest being in 2000.  But to think, the concept of the higher degrees dates back nearly 300 years, to at least 1740, and likely earlier.  It is a long and proud tradition that we carry on today. 

Be proud of your Scottish Rite heritage, and let everyone know.


From the Wise Master (September 2019)

posted Sep 6, 2019, 12:49 PM by San Jose Scottish Rite

While I was going through my Masonic notes to come up with an idea for this month’s article, I noticed an old Masonic poem among my notes, presented during a masonic education evening. The Poem was written by Brother George M. Free, I hope you enjoy it.

What Makes A Man A Mason?

What makes a man a Mason, O brother of mine?
 It isn’t the due guard, nor is it the sign,
It isn’t the jewel which hangs on your breast
It isn’t the apron in which you are dressed

It isn’t the step, nor the token, nor the grip,
Nor lectures that fluently flow from the lip,
Nor yet the possession of that mystic word
On five points of fellowship duly conferred.

Though these are essential, desirable, fine,
They don’t make a Mason, O brother of mine.
That you to your sworn obligation are true
'Tis that, brother mine, makes a Mason of you.

Secure in your heart you must safeguard and trust,
With lodge and with brother be honest and just,
Assist the deserving who cry in their need,
Be chaste in your thought, in your word and your deed.

Support he who falters, with hope banish fear,
And whisper advice in an erring one’s ear.
Then will the Great Lights on your path brightly shine,
And you’ll be a Mason, O brother of mine.

Your use of life’s hours by the gauge you must try,
The gavel of vices with courage apply;
Your walk must be upright, as shown by the plumb,
On the level, to bourn whence no travelers come,

The Book of your faith be the rule and the guide,
The compass your passions shut safely inside;
The stone which the Architect placed in your care
Must pass the strict test of His unerring square.

And then you will meet
with approval divine,
And you’ll be a Mason,
O brother of mine.


From the Commander of Kadosh (September 2019)

posted Sep 6, 2019, 12:46 PM by San Jose Scottish Rite

Continued from August


Here are the six major themes a Scottish Rite Mason encounters on his journey to an awakening consciousness:


The Perfect Elu Tradition

 A brother becomes an Elu in the first degree of Masonry when he receives the Apprentice’s prayer. Hands are laid upon his head and he is anointed as one of the “elected” or “elite” entering the Brotherhood of Man. He has been selected by his peers because they see his potential to rise among the best to become the small elite of enlightened minds. But even though he is chosen, he may not become enlightened. God has made men with different intellectual and spiritual motivations and capacities. The Elu Principle avows that, from the ranks of men who desire to improve themselves in Masonry, some will take on the pursuits and occupations of the initiate’s life. These will become the Perfect Elus, the continuators of Creation who will receive the highest levels of knowledge and insight. These will become the gifted and enlightened men.  


 Royal Arch, or Sacred Vault Tradition

 One of the great mysteries of life is that no man can know the principle of his own life. No single element of life has an intrinsic, essential reality of its own. The power and action of will, movement, of thought, memory and dreams are all mysteries. Yet we have a natural impulse to seek the unknown, to seek God in the mystery of our own being. The Royal Arch Tradition maintains that a man must gain access to the knowledge of the Divine truth only by seeking ever deeper within his inmost self, his soul. In Masonry, the crypt or vault is an inward symbol reminding us that it is the internal and not the external qualifications that make a Mason. A man’s soul is his spiritual dimension of the universe, the inmost part of his being where alone he may feel and realize the nature of God and find peace within himself. .


 Rose Croix Tradition

 Among the easiest of emblems to interpret, the rose and cross is one of the great combination symbols of Freemasonry, second perhaps only to the square and compasses. To the Christian Mason, the cross refers to Jesus Christ. But in a broader sense, it symbolizes self-sacrifice for the sake and redemption of mankind. The rose, being among the most beautiful of flowers, symbolizes perfection, and represents hope in a new awakening, renewal, a resurrection of life. The two together (Rose Croix) symbolize faith and hope in immortality won through sorrow and sacrifice.

 The Rose Croix Tradition informs us that the world is what it is, and we should focus on how to deal with it so that good and the law of love may prevail. This requires a constant fight within our self, and in society. Faith in God and mankind is Wisdom; hope in the victory of good over evil gives Strength, and charity towards all living creatures through respect of life, tolerance and selflessness is Beauty.    

Ancient Mysteries Tradition

The Ancient Mysteries tradition is one of those timeless checks and balances which remind us that our concept of Deity must be felt within because it cannot be wholly conceived intellectually. A society’s concept of God and the universe changes over time with its scientific development. The objective of the Mysteries was to cause a change in the initiate’s condition of mind wherein he could feel the common core, or universal truth, in all religious traditions. The methodology Masonry employs to treat topics that cannot be known or explained is to mystically inspire a feeling about these higher principles through the use and expression of symbolic images, emblems, and hieroglyphs. This was the way of the Mysteries. Rather than a prescribed routine of creed, the Mysteries invited their initiates to seek, feel, compare and judge in order to awaken the mind and develop its creativity. The Ancient Mysteries Tradition affirms that the gap often created by the insufficiency of popular religions and dogmas can be filled by reason and virtue.


Knighthood Tradition

Every man needs to possess at least some knightly energy. Being a knight is one of the essential archetypes of manhood. Freemasonry draws on the Knighthood tradition which dates back to the Crusades. Knights were expected to be the most gallant and virtuous of men. Such men dedicated themselves to the defense of right in the world. Their basic ideals were family unity, moral education, courage, honor and courtesy. A Mason is first and foremost a moralist, a philosopher, a symbolist and spiritualist; but he is also a soldier of honor, loyalty, duty and truth; actively engaged in the warfare of life. The Knighthood Tradition declares that the fight for the very best virtues against ignorance, tyranny and fanaticism is a constant engagement. Life is a battle for good and to fight that battle heroically and well is the great purpose of man’s existence. We all progress upward toward perfection through the same life struggle. Our goal is to live up to the promise of the Elus. This is the essence of true Masonic Knighthood.


Secret Tradition

There is no essential secret in Freemasonry since it is, above all, an aptitude and a state of mind. It is a virtual secret to the uninitiated much like literacy is to an illiterate. Secrecy in Masonry is synonymous with mystery. A mystery is a reality which has not yet been fully understood. The major goal of our lives, as Masters of the Royal Secret, is to unravel the mysteries of our own life. The Secret Tradition represents the quest for equilibrium in the universe, the harmony and unity of the whole, and its application to our personal lives. This is the ultimate quest of mankind, and teaches us above all else to reverence ourselves as divine immortal souls and to respect others as such, since we all share the same divine nature, intelligence and ordeals. This requires LOVE, which is the true word of a Master Mason, the Royal Secret and Holy Doctrine of the every true brotherhood.


From the Master of Kadosh (September 2019)

posted Sep 6, 2019, 12:43 PM by San Jose Scottish Rite

Below is the Canadian’s  history of Scottish Rite through its arrived in Canada.

“There are several theories as to the origin of the Scottish Rite, but as it evolved in France, in dates from about 1754, when a Chapter (or College) of Claremont was founded in Paris with seven degrees.  By 1758, the system had become a Rite of twenty-five degrees, known as the Rite of Perfection, whose Grand Regulations were issued in 1762.

In 1761, Stephen Morin was designated to introduce the Rite into the New World. He first established the Rite in Kingston, Jamaica and in San Domingo.  On the mainland, Bodies were set up at New Orleans, LA in 1763, at Albany, NY in 1767, at Philadelphia, PA in 1782, and at Charleston, SC in 1783.

In 1786, "Grand Constitutions" were enacted in an attempt to bring order out of the chaotic condition of the degrees in Europe-- Thus bringing "The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite" into formal existence, enlarging the number of degrees to thirty-three, with the 33rd degree as a governing Supreme Council.
  The Grand Constitutions of 1786 were issued in the name of Frederick the Great of Prussia as titular head of the Rite, but he died soon after the date they were promulgated.   No degree of the Scottish Rite seems to have had its actual origin in Scotland. The term "Scottish" is a translation of the French "Ecossais" - French titles of some of the degrees of the Rite of Perfection. There may well be a traditional connection here. One or two of the degrees were long supposed to have been devised by the Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay, a learned Scotsman, tutor to Prince Charles Edward, the Young Pretender.  These degrees seem to have afforded a meeting place for those in exile in France, who were adherents of the Stuarts and who were plotting for the restoration of James II and his son to the throne of England. 
In 1801, a Supreme Council was opened in Charleston, SC under the above constitutions, absorbing the previously existing Rite of Perfection. This Supreme Council subsequently issued warrants for other Supreme Councils.  All other regular Supreme Councils of today are descended, directly or indirectly, from this the Supreme Council of the Southern Jurisdiction, United States of America.

In 1813, the Southern Jurisdiction established the Supreme Council 33° for the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction of the United States.  In 1845, the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction warranted a Supreme Council in England and Wales.   In 1874, they authorized the formation of the Supreme Council of Canada.  At the time our Supreme Council was chartered, Scottish Rite Bodies were already operative in Hamilton, ON, (1868); London, ON, (1868); Saint John, NB, (1868); Halifax, NS, (1870): Toronto, ON, (1873); and Montreal, QC, (1873). Our Supreme Council is in amity with more than 40 other Supreme Councils throughout the world, and 4 National Grand Lodges in the Scandinavian countries. “


1-10 of 924